solat Jama’

25 Oct

Sembahyang jamak ialah menghimpunkan dua solat dalam satu waktu. Adakalanya jamak itu dinamakan ‘jamak ta’khir’ dan adakalanya dinamakan ‘jamak taqdim’

Jamak Taqdim” ialah mengerjakan sembahyang dalam waktu yang sebelumnya misalnya sembahyang Asar dilakukan pada waktu Zuhur sesudah mengerjakan sembahyang Zuhur.
Adapun yang boleh dijamakkan ialah sembahyang siang sama sembahyang siang seperti Zuhur dan Asar dan sembahyang malam sama sembahyang malam seperti Maghrib dan Isyak. Tidak boleh menjamakkan sembahyang siang dengan sembahyang malam begitu juga sebaliknya.Manakala sembahyang Subuh tidak boleh dijamakkan.

Jamak Ta’khir” pula ialah menjamakkan sembahyang dalam waktu sesudahnya, misalnya sembahyang Zuhur dikerjakan sesudah sembahyang Asar atau sembahyang Maghrib sesudah Isyak.

Cara menjamakkan sembahyang seperti yang dinyatakan di atas umpamanya dikerjakan sembahyang Zuhur di waktu Asar atau sebaliknya. Begitu pula dengan sembahyang Maghrib dikerjakan pada waktu Isyak atau sebaliknya. Tetapi sembahyang Asar tidak boleh dijamakkan pada sembahyang Maghrib kerana itu bukan tempatnya.

Syarat Jamak Taqdim:

1. Meniatkan jamak di dalam solat..
2. Tertib ertinya mendahulukan mana yang patut didahulukan dan mengakhirkan mana yang patut diakhirkan. Maksudnya dikerjakan lebih dahulu sembahyang yang pertama kemudian yang kedua.
3. Berturut-turutan ertinya setelah selesai mengerjakan sembahyang yang pertama, hendaklah segera dikerjakan sembahyang yang kedua tanpa diselangi / dibatas oleh sesuatu perbuatan dan perkataan lain melainkan untuk berwudhuk kembali.
Sembahyang qasar pula ialah memendekkan solat yang empat rakaat kepada dua rakaat iaitu untuk solat zohor, asar dan isyak sahaja.

Syarat jamak ta’khir:

1. Meniatkan jamak di waktu yang pertama. Jika tidak, tidak sah jamaknya.
2. Lanjut perjalanan hingga akhir waktu kedua, andaikata ia sedang berjalan.

Lafaz niat solat jama’ taqdim, cth: Zohor dengan Asar

” Usolli fardha al-Zuhri arba’a raka’atin majmu’an ilaihi al-‘Asru lillah taala ”
(Sahaja aku sembahyang fardhu Zohor empat rakaat jama’ dengan Asar kerana Allah Ta’ala)

Bagi jama’ ta’khir, cth: Asar dengan Zohor, lafaznya sama seperti di atas cuma berbeza pada sebutan solat (didahulukan solat Asar daripada solat Zohor.

” Usolli fardha al-‘Asr arba’a raka’atin majmu’an lillahi ta’ala ”
(Sahaja aku sembahyang fardhu Asar empat rakaat jamak kerana Allah Ta’ala)

Lafaz niat Qasar dan Jama’ Taqdim / ta’khir serentak:cth: Zohor dengan Asar:

“Usolli fardha al-Zuhri qasran majmu’an ilaihi al-‘Asru lillahi ta’ala”
(Sahaja aku sembahyang fardhu Zohor qasar, jamak dengan Asar kerana Allah Ta’ala

taken from this website

____________________________________________________________

The reason why we are allowed to do this has been explained very well in this site which i shall extract a few parts to emphasize….

Prayer is very important, and it is enjoined to pray regularly on time; we are encouraged to do that and warned against taking this matter lightly, as is well known. For example, Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Verily, As‑Salaah (the prayer) is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours”

[al-Nisa’ 4:103]. 

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, when asked which deed is most beloved to Allaah: “Prayer offered on time.”  Narrated by al-Bukhaari (527) and Muslim (85). 

He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The one who omits to pray ‘Asr, all his good deeds will be lost.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (553). 

There are reasons we can give for being excused from prayer, many will say we live in Singapore, not Saudi so it is difficult to find a time to pray on time etc.

should do all that he can to look for means that will enable him to perform this great duty at the right time,

  1. such as choosing the time of lectures that do not conflict with prayer,
  2. asking permission from the lecturer to leave the room to perform the prayer in any clean place.
  3. It is well known that praying does not take up more than a few minutes

Now then we shall touch upon the joining of the 2 prayers:

If he does all that he can but is not able to offer the prayer on time, there is nothing wrong with joining two prayers, so he may join Zuhr and ‘Asr, and Maghrib and ‘Isha’, because of the report narrated by Muslim (705) from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) joined Zuhr and ‘Asr, and Maghrib and ‘Isha’, in Madeenah when there was no fear and no rain. According to the hadeeth of Wakee’ he said: I said to Ibn ‘Abbaas: Why did he do that? He said: So that his ummah would not be subjected to hardship, i.e., so that they would not face any difficulty. 

Some quotes from the Quran which states that the religion makes things easy for its followers

“Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you”

[al-Baqarah 2:185] 

“Allaah does not want to place you in difficulty”

[al-Maa’idah 5:6] 

“and has not laid upon you in religion any hardship”

[al-Hajj 22:78] 

Lastly about whether we can shorten the prayer when we join 2 prayer together:

He must offer the prayer in full, not in shortened form, because the one who intends to stay in a place for more than four days comes under the same ruling as a resident according to the majority of fuqaha’. 

There is no connection between joining and shortening prayers. He may join them, as when travelling, or a person may join them when not travelling, because of sickness or istihaadah (non-menstrual vaginal bleeding) or because he fears for himself or his property, or because of heavy rain and other excuses that permit joining prayers, without shortening them, because prayers may only be shortened when travelling.  

And Allaah knows best.

p.s. i was looking for an english version of the step by step for frineds who cant understand Malay but I cant find it. So whoever who can, please do link 🙂

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One Response to “solat Jama’”

  1. anon November 8, 2010 at 4:05 pm #

    >>“Jamak Ta’khir” pula ialah menjamakkan sembahyang dalam waktu sesudahnya, misalnya sembahyang Zuhur dikerjakan sesudah sembahyang Asar atau sembahyang Maghrib sesudah Isyak.

    According to http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?pagename=IslamOnline-English-Ask_Scholar/FatwaE/FatwaE&cid=1119503546022 you actually have to pray Zuhr first before Asr (and likewise, Maghrib first before Isha) even when you’re performing jama’ takhir.

    And God knows best.

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